What's the difference between the git fetch and git pull commands?

Git
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description I have seen some users use git fetch, and some use git pull. But I did not understand the difference between both. Please explain when to use git fetch and git pull?

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2 Answers

In the simplest terms,

git pull = git fetch && git merge FETCH_HEAD

You can use git fetch at any time to update your remote-tracking branches under refs/remotes/<remote>/. This command never changes any of your local branches under refs/heads, and is safe to do without changing your working copy.

A git pull is used to bring a local branch fully up-to-date with its remote version, while additionally updating your other remote-tracking branches.

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git fetch only downloads new data from a remote repository - yet it doesn't integrate any of this new data into your working files. Fetch is incredible for getting a fresh view of all the things that occurred in a remote repository.

git pull is used to update your current HEAD branch with the most recent changes from the remote server. This implies that pull not just downloads new data; it likewise directly integrates it into your present working copy files.

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