How to create PHP Pagination using PDO with example?

Razet · · 8489 Views

In this example, I am going to show you how to create pagination in PHP using PDO.First, create a DatabaseConnection.php to create a database connection.


class DatabaseConnection
    private $server = 'mysql:host=localhost;dbname=database_name';

    private $user = 'root';

    private $pass = 'password';

    private $options = [

    protected $con;

    public function openConnection()
        try {
            $this->con = new PDO($this->server, $this->user, $this->pass, $this->options);

            return $this->con;
        } catch (PDOException $e) {
            echo 'There is some problem in connection: ' . $e->getMessage();

    public function closeConnection()
        $this->con = null;

Here is the simple snippet to create pagenation:

    // Database connection
    include_once 'DatabaseConnection.php';
    $database = new DatabaseConnection();
    $db = $database->openConnection();

    $perPage = 10;

    // Calculate Total pages
    $stmt = $db->query('SELECT count(*) FROM users');
    $total_results = $stmt->fetchColumn();
    $total_pages = ceil($total_results / $perPage);

    // Current page
    $page = isset($_GET['page']) ? $_GET['page'] : 1;
    $starting_limit = ($page - 1) * $perPage;

    // Query to fetch users
    $query = "SELECT * FROM users ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT $starting_limit,$perPage";

    // Fetch all users for current page
    $users = $db->query($query)->fetchAll();


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">

    <?php foreach ($users as $key => $user): ?>
        <h4><?php echo $user['id'];?></h4>
        <p><?php echo $user['name'];?></p>
    <?php endforeach; ?>

    <?php for ($page = 1; $page <= $total_pages ; $page++):?>
        <a href='<?php echo "?page=$page"; ?>' class="links">
            <?php  echo $page; ?>
    <?php endfor; ?>


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